Question by The Asker: What are some good main meals for stroke victim?
friend had stroke, and I would like to know what I can feed her as her dinner meal? i know fish, chicken, other ideas? btw She is also on a low-sugar diet.
Answer by JUST ME
Before doing anything there are a few things you need to ask first off, such as “Does she have any swallowing difficulties and has an OT performed a swallowing evaluation on her yet ?” you must know these things before feeding a stroke patient because if you don’t then you are putting them at great risk. basic rules for a stroke patient are:
1) make sure that the patient is seated in an upright position at all times when eating.
2) be sure to supervise meals should they need assistance
3) If the patient has low risk for aspiration then a soft mechanical diet would be ideal
4) if the patient has a moderate to high risk for aspiration they are usually NPO (nothing by mouth) but if they are permitted to eat then the foods must be pureed and them must be on thickened fluids (thicker consistency like nectar) and they can NOT drink regular fluids at all or they can aspirate.
As far as foods go please see the chart below for ideas:
Nutrition/Diet for Stroke
Foods to Eat Foods to Avoid
Fish (especially those rich in Omega-3)
Rye ( good-quality rye bread).
Potatoes and sweet potatoes
Beans, peas, and soybean products such as tofu
Green and yellow vegetables
Root vegetables, especially carrots
Mild spices and cooking herbs, including garlic, ginger, turmeric and shallots.
Foods high in fat, especially red meat, dairy products, and eggs
Salt: Minimize the intake of salt. Salt creates high blood pressure, a major cause of stroke.
Eat a well-balanced diet with an emphasis on fresh vegetables and fruits; lean, clean protein foods; and whole grains. This diet is important for the health of the blood vessels. It also ensures that you receive an abundant supply of important vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals (antioxidant compounds in plants) that fight free-radical damage and help increase the oxygenation of tissues, including those of the brain.
Make sure that your diet includes the blue and purple fruits and vegetables, such as concord grapes, eggplant, and red cabbage. These foods contain pigments called anthocyanidins. The anthocyanidins in wine grapes are believed to help lower the risk of stroke (and heart attack).
Fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants that counteract/prevent the damage from free radicals. One British study found that those who eat the most fruit experience 32 percent fewer strokes. A diet high in antioxidants helps prevent hemorrhagic as well as ischemic stroke. This reduces the likelihood of bleeding in the brain.
Enjoy carrots often. In a study of 87,000 nurses conducted by Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard University, subjects who ate five or more servings of carrots every week had a 68-percent lower risk of suffering a stroke compared with those who ate one serving a month or less.
Avoid saturated and hydrogenated fats. Eliminate dairy products (except for small amounts of the low-fat varieties), red meat, eggs, margarine, shortening, tropical oils such as coconut and palm oil, and all fried foods. Saturated and hydrogenated fats raise cholesterol levels, especially that of LDL (“bad cholesterol”) and promote the buildup of fatty plaques in the arteries.
If you eat meat every day, you may double your stroke risk. Yale neurologist John Lynch, M.D. tracked 6,500 stroke-free men between ages 57 and 67 for 10 years. Twelve percent of the men who ate meat daily had strokes. Those who ate meat only one to three times a month, only 5.4 percent experienced strokes.
Eat Foods Rich in Vitamin Bs: Fruits and vegetables, in addition to being rich in antioxidants, also contain generous supplies of vitamin B6 and folic acid. These B vitamins reduce levels of homocysteine. Homocysteine has been shown to increase the risk for stroke (and heart disease).
Spinach, carrots, peas, walnuts, sunflower seeds, wheat germ, fish (especially salmon and herring), chicken, and eggs are good source for vitamin B6. Foods rich in folic acid include spinach and other dark green leafy vegetables, broccoli, asparagus, and whole wheat.
Eat Plenty of Fish. Cold-water fish such as salmon, mackerel, and herring are the richest sources of beneficial omega-3 fatty acids, but most other fish and seafood contain some as well. Dutch researchers tracked the health, diet, and lifestyles of people in the Netherlands, for many years. They found that those who eat fish regularly have a lower rate of stroke than those who don’t.
Add Foods Containing Alpha- Linolenic Acid. Alpha-linolenic acid is an essential fatty acid that is similar to the health-enhancing omega-3 fatty acids found in fish. Alpha-linolenic and omega-3 fatty acids help prevent the internal blood clots that trigger stroke. You can obtain alpha- linolenic acid from canola and soybean oils as well as from walnuts.
Incorporate foods Containing Potassium. Dietary potassium is known to help prevent high blood pres
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